Natalie Lamb NT Dip CNM, mBANT, BA (Hons)

Within the past decade, there has been an increasing amount of interest in the use of live bacteria for several pediatric conditions.

The main gastrointestinal conditions for which live bacteria supplements have been used in children include antibiotic-associated diarrhea, infectious (viral and bacterial) diarrhea and necrotising enterocolitis (NE). Live bacteria supplements have also been used in several extraintestinal disorders including atopic dermatitis and recurrent urinary tract infections.

This article discusses

  • The intestinal microflora in children
  • Live bacteria applications in children covering infectious diarrhea and antibiotic-associated diarrhea 
  • The immune system
  • Other applications including necrotising enterocolitis and urogenital infections

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