The Use of Live Bacteria in Children. Ian Williams BVSc MRCVS
Within the past decade, there has been an increasing amount of interest in the use of live bacteria for several paediatric conditions.
The main gastrointestinal conditions for which live bacteria supplements have been used in children include antibiotic-associated diarrhoea, infectious (viral and bacterial) diarrhoea and necrotising enterocolitis (NE). Live bacteria supplements have also been used in several extraintestinal disorders including atopic dermatitis and recurrent urinary tract infections.
This article discusses
- The intestinal microflora in children
- Live bacteria applications in children covering infectious diarrhoea and antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
- The immune system
- Other applications including necrotising enterocolitis and urogenital infections